Criminal law is a set of regulations that indicate the actions the society disapproves. A criminal wrong differs from civil wrong. Precisely, a criminal wrong denotes an action that inexcusably and unacceptably threatens or causes damage to individuals or the society. Criminal law focuses on protecting society and discourage criminal acts, by imposing punishments on people conducting these actions. It is remarkable that Criminal law regulations in Cyprus reflect to a great extend the main principles and major offenses of the English Common Law.
The Criminal Code (Cap. 154) includes all the main offenses and criminal responsibilities. On the other hand, the Criminal Procedure Law (Cap. 155), regulates all the matters related to criminal proceedings. Precisely, the structure of the Criminal Procedure Law envisions to provide support to all significant provisions of the Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus, the European Convention of Human Rights and other international treaties. This ensures the application of the law in a way that protects the rights of the citizens and at the same time is not preventing the protection of individuals from criminal wrongs and the conferment of justice.